Obstructive Sleep Apnea

obstructive sleep apnea

Do You Have Obstructive Sleep Apnea?

Do you wake up every morning feeling exhausted, struggling to concentrate throughout the day, and experiencing constant irritability? These symptoms could be more than just a lack of quality sleep — they could be signs of a sleep disorder called obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

If you’re struggling with obstructive sleep apnea or you’re unsure if you have a sleep disorder, contact our Denton, TX, dentists to schedule an evaluation by calling (940) 566-4888

obstructive sleep apnea

What Is Obstructive Sleep Apnea?

Obstructive sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of upper airway collapse during sleep, resulting in sleep-disordered breathing and disrupted sleep. Mild sleep apnea is a less severe form of the condition, while severe sleep apnea represents a more serious manifestation. Having obstructive sleep apnea diagnosed is crucial for proper treatment and management.

Impact on Your Health

Ignoring OSA can result in major health implications. The most common risks include:

  • Heightened risk of cardiovascular disease
  • Hypertension
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Accidents stemming from excessive daytime sleepiness

Symptoms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Symptoms of OSA can show differently during nighttime and daytime.

Nighttime Symptoms

The nighttime symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea include:

  • Loud snoring
  • Gasping
  • Choking
  • Witnessed pauses in breathing during sleep
  • Recurrent limb movements during sleep
  • The feeling of tiredness or exhaustion upon awakening

These symptoms can disrupt not only the individual’s sleep but also the sleep of their bed partner. If you or your bed partner notice any of these symptoms, especially when trying to fall asleep, seek medical assistance for a proper evaluation and diagnosis.

Daytime Symptoms

During the day, individuals with obstructive sleep apnea may experience the following symptoms:

  • Excessive sleepiness
  • Morning headaches
  • Irritability
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Depression

These symptoms can have a considerable effect on a person’s quality of life, affecting work performance, social interactions, and overall well-being.

OSA Causes and Risk Factors

Obstructive sleep apnea can have various causes and risk factors, including:

  • Obesity: One of the most significant risk factors for OSA is obesity. Excess fat in the neck and throat can put pressure on the airway, making it more likely to collapse during sleep.
  • Neck Circumference: Individuals with a larger neck circumference are at higher risk, as a thicker neck may have a narrower airway.
  • Gender: Men are more likely to develop OSA than women, although the risk for women increases if they’re overweight.
  • Age: OSA is more common in middle-aged and older adults. However, it can occur at any age, including in children.
  • Family History: There is evidence to suggest that OSA can run in families, indicating a genetic component.
  • Smoking: Smoking can increase inflammation and fluid retention in the upper airway, making it more susceptible to obstruction.
  • Alcohol and Sedative Use: The relaxation of throat muscles due to alcohol or sedative use can increase the likelihood of airway collapse during sleep.
  • Nasal Congestion: Chronic nasal congestion or a deviated septum can make it harder to breathe through the nose, leading to increased reliance on mouth breathing, which can contribute to OSA.
  • Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as hypothyroidism, acromegaly, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), have been associated with an increased risk of OSA.
  • Enlarged Tonsils and Adenoids: In children, enlarged tonsils and adenoids can obstruct the airway and lead to OSA.
  • Craniofacial Abnormalities: Structural abnormalities in the face and skull can affect the size and shape of the airway, increasing the risk of obstruction.
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): The association between GERD and OSA is complex, but GERD can exacerbate OSA and vice versa.
  • Menopause: Postmenopausal women may have an increased risk of OSA due to hormonal changes and weight gain.

having a restless sleep

Diagnosing Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Consultation and Medical History

During a consultation for OSA, a sleep specialist will conduct an evaluation and diagnosis of the condition. This can include:

  • A comprehensive medical history review is taken
  • A physical examination, including an examination of the throat, neck, and mouth, is performed
  • You may be recommended to undergo a sleep study to assess the severity of the condition

Sleep Studies

Sleep studies are conducted either in a specialized laboratory or at home using a portable monitor, which is considered the most reliable approach for diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea, as it measures breathing disruptions during sleep.

During a sleep study, the following are monitored:

  • Respiration
  • Motor activity
  • Cardiac rate
  • Time taken to enter different stages of sleep

After a confirmed diagnosis, you’ll return to our dental office in Denton, where we’ll go over your treatment options.

Treatment Options for OSA

Lifestyle Changes

Lifestyle changes can play a significant role in alleviating OSA symptoms. Changes that may be recommended include:

  • Weight loss: Reducing weight has been observed to reduce the intensity of obstructive sleep apnea.
  • Abstaining from alcohol and sedatives: These substances can relax the muscles of the upper airway and exacerbate OSA symptoms.
  • Practicing good sleep hygiene: Maintaining a consistent sleep schedule and creating a sleep-conducive environment can improve sleep quality and reduce the severity of OSA symptoms.


Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is the most effective treatment for severe obstructive sleep apnea. CPAP involves the delivery of pressurized air through a bedside machine and into the nose and/or mouth to maintain the airway open during sleep. Regular use of CPAP for moderate sleep apnea has been shown to significantly improve cognitive function and general health status and reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications.

Oral Appliances

Oral appliances are another treatment option for OSA. These specialized mouthpieces are designed to maintain the position of the jaw and tongue, reducing the pressure on the windpipe.


Surgical interventions, such as uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP), genioglossus advancement (GA), or even a tracheostomy, can be considered for severe cases of OSA or when other treatments have failed. However, this is the rarest treatment option, as it’s the most invasive.


Frequently Asked Questions

Get the Treatment You Need for Sleep Disorders

OSA is a prevalent and potentially severe sleep disorder that affects a significant portion of the global population. If you’re struggling with a treatment that works best for you, contact our dentists in Denton today at (940) 566-4888

We’ll set up your appointment. We’re proud to serve patients in Denton and surrounding areas, including Corinth, Argyle, and Krum, TX.

Garden Oaks Family & Cosmetic Dentistry

3312 Teasley Ln.
Suite 200
Denton, TX 76210

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